UNESCO includes Hawraman to World Heritage List

The remote, beautiful and mountainous landscape of Hawraman/Uramanat has been included by UNESCO in its World Heritage List.

Hewraman mountainous region has been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List as Iran's 26th world heritage site.

The UNESCO World Heritage Committee included cultural sites from Africa, Latin America, Europe and the Middle East on the World Heritage List on 27 July. A total of 13 places were added to the list at the 44th session of the committee which is meeting in China.

The description of the region given by UNESCO is as follows: "The remote and mountainous landscape of Hawraman/Uramanat bears testimony to the traditional culture of the Hawrami people, an agropastoral Kurdish tribe that has inhabited the region since about 3000 BCE. The property, at the heart of the Zagros Mountains in the provinces of Kurdistan and Kermanshah along the western border of Iran, encompasses two components: the Central-Eastern Valley (Zhaverud and Takht, in Kurdistan Province); and the Western Valley (Lahun, in Kermanshah Province). The mode of human habitation in these two valleys has been adapted over millennia to the rough mountainous environment.

Tiered steep-slope planning and architecture, gardening on dry-stone terraces, livestock breeding, and seasonal vertical migration are among the distinctive features of the local culture and life of the semi-nomadic Hawrami people who dwell in lowlands and highlands during different seasons of each year. Their uninterrupted presence in the landscape, which is also characterized by exceptional biodiversity and endemism, is evidenced by stone tools, caves and rock shelters, mounds, remnants of permanent and temporary settlement sites, and workshops, cemeteries, roads, villages, castles, and more. The 12 villages included in the property illustrate the Hawrami people’s evolving responses to the scarcity of productive land in their mountainous environment through the millennia."